?

Log in

Fri, Jan. 27th, 2006, 11:25 am

Natalia Warren
24 de enero de 2006
Ensayo 1
Matrimonio en España; la Iglesia contra la Gente

El país de España ha sido tradicional y religioso por siglos. El catolicismo convirtió en la religión del estado alrededor 589 BC (UCLA), y todavía el tiene una gran influencia en lo país. Según la CIA España tiene una población católica de 94 porcentajes (CIA; 10/1/06). Pero las ideas de la iglesia no están siempre lo mismo como las ideas de los ciudadanos o el gobierno. Por ejemplo en junio de 2005 el gobierno aprobó una ley que legaliza el matrimonio homosexual. El ejemplo de España nos muestra que es posible combinar religión, moralidad y tolerancia.
La población española no es tan devota como los números demuestran. Desde 1975, cuando Franco murió, los españoles han ido a masa menos y menos. Sus vidas ni giran alrededor la iglesia como antes. Una consecuencia de esta separación de la iglesia podía ser una razón para la gran separación entre la mente de la iglesia y la mente de la gente. Por lo menos los ciudadanos han mostrado que pueden pensar independidamente de la iglesia.
Lo iglesia paliaban muy fuerte contra la legislación. Algunos oficios han dicho que España ha convertido a “Sodom y Gomorra”. El papa ha dicho que los funcionarios católicos deben ser preparados para parar sus trabajos antes que cooperan con la ley (BBC). Pero el gobierno, con el presidente zapatero, opusiste la iglesia y no solamente aprobó la ley legalizar matrimonio, pero adopción también.
En la opinión de una maestra mío de España es peor vivir sin padres como vivir en una casa con dos padres carbonosos, gay o no. La mujer con quien vive durante seis meses en España, una católica practicante, fue de acuerdo con mi maestra. Ella también compadecido de los homosexuales incapaces casar. Las dos mujeres eran ejemplos de la mezcla de fe y en pensamiento alternativa. En mi opinión la aceptación de matrimonio y adopción homosexual no es solo una consecuencia de la separación de la iglesia y las vidas de la gente. También es la sensación de la libertad después de un gobierno de la dictadura. Hay sentimientos más y más independiente de que la autoridad dice es moral.
Nuestro mundo está comenzando a reconocer tolerancia como virtud sin importar su fe. Ni la moralidad ni la religión de una país necesitan significar intolerancia y España lo ha mostrado a el mundo.












Trabajos Citados

CIA; “CIA factbook” Central Intelligance Agency, 10 de enero 2006 <http://www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook/geos/sp.html>
UCLA; “Some important dates in Medieval Spain” 24 de enero, 2006 <http://www.humnet.ucla.edu/santiago/timetext.htm>
BBC; “Vatican Condemns Spain Gay Bill” 22 de abril, 2006
<http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/europe/4473001.stm>

Tue, Dec. 6th, 2005, 08:59 am
kjh

II. For Service Learning Reports
Paper #1 Paper #2
1. Introductory paragraph or two in which the author gives an overview of the paper.
2. The author explains his/her service learning organization, especially its role in human rights.
3. The author describes his/her work for the organization.
4. The author identifies one human rights issue related to his/her service learning organization. The issue has to be one on which there is some opposition.
5. The author refers to at least two authors in the course readings and gives page references to support all attributions to those authors.
6. The author explains the reasons for the opposition to the human rights issue s/he discusses. There should be at least one reference to an opposing author or organization.
7. The author makes suggestions for how to resolve the issue and gives reasons to support his/her suggestions. The author should address the reasons given by the opposition, though s/he is not expected to refute them.
8. The author has a concluding paragraph that summarizes the paper.

In order to seek out resolve for an issue, such as the worldwide problem of hunger and homelessness, it is first necessary to identify the causes of such an epidemic. The work of Amartya Sen; Nobel prize winner for his contributions to welfare economics (1998,1) has done extensive research on the study of famines. In cases such as the Irish Famine of the 1840’s as well as the Wollo famine in Ethiopia in 1973 there is an occurrence of a food countermovement, where, though food availability may be substantially lowered there is a high amount of export to places which can pay higher prices, and due to low economy a very low level of import. In such cases the countermovement is not deemed the problem in and of itself, and Amartya Sen indeed judges that purely negative change such as stopping these market transactions would be insufficient and that positive policies are necessary (173).
Other misleading ideas would be to make too close an association between hunger and food production per head. Countries such as Singapore and Botswana provide distinct proof that this is not the case due to the drop in food production per head of 58.0% and 33.5% between 1993-1995 and 1976-1981 respectively (Amartya, Sen, 176). Since no occurrence of growing hunger in these societies is evident (Sen, Amartya 176) it is fair to assess that the world market plays a large role and successful economics, not merely production, is conductive to famine and hunger prevention.
According to Amartya Sen (178) there has never been a famine in a functioning multiparty democracy. This he attributes to such attributes as “political incentives generated by elections, multiparty politics, and investigative journalism”. Perhaps the best example is that of India which has, since achieving independence, not had a substantial famine (Sen, Amartya 180). So what is necessary for these countries and others to prevent famine, one idea with significant success is that of emergency employment provided by governments. One example related by Amartya Sen (169, 180) “in 1973 in Maharashtra, to compensate for the loss of employment associated with severe drought, 5 million temporary jobs were created…. The results were extraordinary: no significant rise in mortality at all. And even no great deterioration of the number of undernourished people, despite dramatic decline (in many areas 70 percent or more) in food over a vast region.”



Amartya Sen, who won the Nobel prize in 1998 for his contributions to welfare economics (http://nobelprize.org/economics/laureates/1998/),
has conducted a systematic study of famine including the causes and effects. One of the cases he uses, the Irish famines of the 1840’s shows a specific “food countermovement” where the food available is exported to places where the market price is substantially higher. His assessment is indeed not that the halt of such transactions would be the way to end famine, he instead advocates for a less negative and more positive action. His conclusion is that “with positive policies of regenerating the lost incomes of the destitute (for example through public employment programs), the food countermovement could have automatically been reduced or stopped, since the domestic purchasers could have commanded food more affluently.”


http://nobelprize.org/economics/laureates/1998/

· Sen, Amartya. “Development as Freedom” (2000) 168-187



Hennessy, Margot C. "Listening to the Secret Mother: Reading J.E.Wideman's Brothers and Keepers." American Women's Autobiography: Fea(s)ts of Memory. Ed. Margo Culley. Madison, WI: U Wisconsin P, 1992. 302-314.

Although the world is full of suffering it is full also of the overcoming of it.
- Helen Keller

Any human being within their full capabilities who has opened their eyes upon the world has perceived suffering. Across the world the afflictions of hunger and destitution are some of the most profound and dire illustrations of suffering. Although it may be more than a utopian dream to envision a world with no suffering the fight against hunger, famine, and destitution is well grounded in reality. During the last few months I have been exposed to the organization of WashPIRGwhich takes a firm stand against hunger and I believe that a basic right to sustenance is indeed necessary in our society and certainly an essential part of a right to life. In my view we should look at a right to life not in a purely negative way, i.e. a right to non-interference, but ensure that the necessary positive element is provided for. This right to life should be positive in such a case that a person is unable to provide for him or herself, and certainly in the case of children and those medically or age impaired.
Both the right to life, and a certain right to subsistence are listed in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, however the right to life, without subsequent rights such as article 25.-1 would be readable as right which was purely negative. It is worded, in article 3, “everyone has a right to life, liberty and the security of person”. This right is, I believe, supplemented by article 25.-1 which states “Everyone has the right to a standard of living adequate for the health and well-being of himself and of his family, including food, clothing, housing and medial care and necessary social services, and the right to security in the event of unemployment, sickness, disability, widowhood, old age or other lack of livelihood in circumstances beyond his control.” This specifies that it is not sufficient to view the right to life in terms of non-interference but that the right to life can be deemed a claim right, and each person has an entitlement to their basic means of survival.
The fact that these writes are written into such a document, though the document may be a very profound statement, say’s very little about the state of such rights in our society.


In a city with over 8,000 human beings going homeless every night and a country with a poverty rate of



http://www.quotationspage.com/subjects/suffering/


On any given day in the United States in 490,000 to 698,000 households there is at least one human being experiencing hunger (ERS, 2).
ERS Research Briefs. “Household Food Security in the United States, 2003.” http://www.ers.usda.gov/publications/fanrr42/fanrr42_researchbrief.pdf
back to facts

(bread for the world)


November 2003, for example, between 490,000 and 698,000 households (0.4-0.6 percent
of all U.S. households) in the Nation included one or more members who were hungry because the household
could not afford enough food. Children are usually shielded from hunger even when resources are inadequate to
provide food for the entire family. Nevertheless, hunger among children occurred in 33,000 to 37,000 households
(0.08 to 0.09 percent of all U.S. households with children) on a typical day.


chiThat means one in ten households in the U.S. are living with hunger or are at risk of hunger.
Every day, more than 16,000 children die from hunger-related causes--one child every five seconds
RIGHT TO SUBSISTANCE

Central battle grounds: local and national; international being supplementary and supportive to national. (Donnelly pg. 563- not a quote)



Although the world is full of suffering, it is full also of the overcoming of it.

Helen Keller (1880 - 1968)
http://www.quotationspage.com/subjects/suffering/


INTRODUCTION: Give overview of the Paper
Include: what organization I worked with; Its role in human rights, say I’ll describe what work I did, identify the human rights issue (possibly list arguments to be used), state that there is opposition.

I believe that a basic right to sustenance is indeed necessary in our society and certainly an essential part of a right to life. In my view we should look at a right to life not in a purely negative way, i.e. a right to non interference, but ensure that the necessary positive element is provided for. This right to life should be positive in such a case that a person is unable to provide for him or herself, and certainly in the case of children and those medically or age impaired.
Both the right to life, and a certain right to subsistence are listed in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, however the right to life, without subsequent rights such as article 25.-1 would be readable as right which was purely negative. It is worded, in article 3, “everyone has a right to life, liberty and the security of person”. This right is, I believe, supplemented by article 25.-1 which states “Everyone has the right to a standard of living adequate for the health and well-being of himself and of his family, including food, clothing, housing and medial care and necessary social services, and the right to security in the event of unemployment, sickness, disability, widowhood, old age or other lack of livelihood in circumstances beyond his control.” This specifies that it is not sufficient to view the right to life in terms of non-interference but that the right to life can be deemed a claim right, and each person has an entitlement to their basic means of survival.
The fact that these writes are written into such a document, though the document may be a very profound statement, say’s very little about the state of such rights in our society.




Explain WashPIRG; link to Human Rights
Describe personal work for organization
Identify substinance rights; definitions (dictionary, shue, etc.)
Cranstons Opposition
Address opposition; give reasons for the right
Argument 1 (?)
Argument 2 (?)
Suggestions how to resolve the issue
1)
Reasons for:
2)
Reasons for:

Conclusion; Summarize entire paper.

Outline

Intro with Thesis

Any human being within their full capabilities who has opened their eyes upon the world has perceived suffering. Across the world the afflictions of hunger and destitution are some of the most profound and dire illustrations of suffering. Although it may be more than a utopian dream to envision a world scoured of all forms of suffering the fight against hunger, famine, and destitution is well grounded in reality. During the last few months I have been exposed to the organization of WashPIRG which takes a firm stand against hunger and homelessness. Through an overview of their organization, the work I conducted with them, and the philosophical arguments surrounding subsistence I will conclude that a basic right to subsistence is indeed necessary in our society and certainly an essential part of a right to life.


Part 1 (Overview of Organization)
WashPIRG is a student run organization with a branch on the University of Washington Campus. It is a division of many student run PIRG organizations around the country which stands for Public Interest Research Groups. This organization is non affiliated and represents various public interest causes locally, state wide, nationally, and even world wide. Each school PIRG represents different public interests which vary greatly; currently the University of Washington alone is representing four public interests; those of hunger and homelessness, fair trade, clean energy solutions, as well as fair and stable pricing for student text books. According to the national PIRG organization their mission is “to deliver persistent, result-oriented activism that protects public health and the environment, encourages a fair, sustainable economy, and fosters responsive, democratic government (www.washpirg.org).

My work with WashPIRG focused primarily with the Hunger and Homelessness campaign, which worked towards the goals of raising awareness, money, advocacy, and promoting change for issues relating to hunger and homelessness. I was appointed the head of legislature and advocacy for the campaign. Current legislative action, such as legislation moving through the senate and house of representatives to cut food stamps, medic aide, foster care programs, temporary assistance to needy families (TANF) and a plethora of other aides to those in need in America, were the focus of my work within the campaign. To combat such legislation we believed it necessary to advocate through the voices of students and my work was to organize and execute the “empty plate campaign” through which we gathered nearly two hundred and fifty personal letters to our state representative opposing such budget cuts.
Other activities I was involved with while working with WashPIRG were aimed more expressly at education than advocacy. The Hunger and Homelessness campaign put on a Hunger Banquet, which involved active demonstration of poverty in the world. Through the limitations to food to the majority of those attending (corresponding to the populations of the world) and the gluttonous intake of the small minority the state of the world was shown. To further the educational value there were several speakers, some who spoke from personal experience and others from advocacy and aide perspectives.






The aims of the specific campaign are directed at not only education and awareness but upholding the democratic process which correlates well with Sen’s views on democracy and the relation to famines and subsistence. Sen noted that a multi party democracy with an active opposition was essential in the prevention of famines and organizations such as WashPIRG are a part of such a system here in the United States




In my view we should look at a right to life not in a purely negative way, i.e. a right to non-interference, but ensure that the necessary positive element is provided for. This right to life should be positive in such a case that a person is unable to provide for him or herself, and certainly in the case of children and those medically or age impaired.


Any human being within their full capabilities who has opened their eyes upon the world has perceived suffering. Across the world the afflictions of hunger and destitution are some of the most profound and dire illustrations of suffering. Although it may be more than a utopian dream to envision a world with no affliction the fight against hunger, famine, and destitution is well grounded in reality. During the last few months I have been exposed to the organization of WashPIRGwhich takes a firm stand against hunger and I believe that a basic right to sustenance is indeed necessary in our society and certainly an essential part of a right to life. In my view we should look at a right to life not in a purely negative way, i.e. a right to non-interference, but ensure that the necessary positive element is provided for. This right to life should be positive in such a case that a person is unable to provide for him or herself, and certainly in the case of children and those medically or age impaired.

Sat, Nov. 12th, 2005, 11:14 am

BE HEARD
Fight budget cuts affecting the Hungry and Homeless!!!

The house of representatives is attempting to raise budget cuts which affect the hungry and the homeless from 35 billion dollars to 50 billion!

If these cuts pass they will directly affect
Medicaid
TANF (temporary assistance to needy families)
Food Stamps
Foster Care
and many other programs!

It is wrong to impose the biggest budget sacrifice on the sick, poor, elderly, and children, especially while attempting a 70 billion dollar tax CUT for the richest in our nation!

National poverty rate is 35.9 million!

8,000 people in Seattle go homeless every single night

Make your voice heard!



Paper Plate Campaign (wrap for tabling)

We are doing a nationwide campaign to oppose budget cuts which directly affect the hungry and the homeless. We are trying to collect personalized letters opposing the cuts on paper plates. These plates will be displayed at an Annual student conference on Hunger and Homelessness which is actually held in Seattle this year and you can also ask about how to attend if you would like. After the conference is over all of the plates will be taken into congress and presented in bulk to make a powerful statement against the budget cuts. The budget cuts are directly affecting Medicaid, food stamps, TANF (temporary assistance to needy families), child care and foster care, and so many more programs. There have already been drastic cuts and now they are trying to increase the cuts from 35 billion to 50 billion. All of this is happening while attempting to increase tax cuts to the wealthy of 70 billion dollars. Change can be made, if you’d like your voice to be heard please just take a second to jot down a personal note

Mon, Aug. 15th, 2005, 11:26 pm

http://sisyphe.org/IMG/gif/doc-542.gif She is beauty

Sun, Aug. 7th, 2005, 10:28 pm

I think i'm happiest when I think the least. the more i think the more I realize I have nothing that needs to be intently contemplated. My life is truly working and the hinges are oiled. Yet I begin to ponder and it ends in an obsession. All I need is the words keep living repeated inside my head to block out the rubish that drags me down but somehow I cant think of those simple words.

Thu, Jul. 28th, 2005, 12:05 am
What happens when I think too much

What if I could create for myself a world... and wrap it tightly around me like a down blanket in december.... tuck my head inside with the smells of cinnamon and vanilla and slip into adulthood. What if I could read my books, cuddle with a lover and build up a life based on love intellect and warmth. Daily treck to a job of motions and go home to the happiness I, we had made. I could bring children into a world like that, make believe that others experienced the same joys.... decorate with care and hang curtains which would shade my life from reality with a sheer layer of linen. What if I could believe in the bible, the baghdad gita, the quaran, what if I could believe in happiness as if it werent a fleeting figment of my imagination. What if...

Thu, Jul. 21st, 2005, 03:08 pm

Silly silly girl that I am, I tried to climb in and found the bell jar was too small. Life is a wafer that melts on your tongue.

Tue, Jul. 19th, 2005, 01:07 am

"If you have come to help me you can go home again. But if you see my struggle as part of your own survival, then perhaps we can work together."
-Australian Aborigine woman

Wed, Jun. 22nd, 2005, 12:25 am

Averroes,
Moses Miamodes
Thomas Aquinas

Fri, Apr. 29th, 2005, 02:02 pm

When people state something as if it were a fact poeple engorge themselves with words. They enter the mind as a solid block of fact. untangible. unchangeable.
I am stating this as if it were fact.
When people state things with the knowledge of their fallability people vomit the words before they begin to digest. No forceless entry to the mind.
This could explain why a president rancid with lies gains the support of an engorged nation. He has engorged himself.
There it was... the could. vomit me and spit me out

skipped back 10